What makes Broadway revivals tick
New versions 'South Pacific' and 'La Cage' come to Baltimore as hits, but not all musical comebacks succeed
Anderson Davis and Sumie Maeda starred in a successful revival of South Pacific earlier this year in Washington. This October, another cast will bring the WWII-era musical to Baltimore. (Peter Coombs, Handout photo / October 1, 2011)
And when "South Pacific" received its first full-fledged Broadway revival nearly six decades later, the reaction was virtually the same. The 2008 production played to packed houses for 1,000 performances.
Such success might not seem like a big deal in the age of "Phantom of the Opera," which is pushing 10,000 performances and may simply refuse to close — ever. But the "South Pacific" revival that reaches Baltimore this week as part of its second national tour represents one of the most impressive theatrical achievements in recent times. It became a textbook case of how to do a Broadway revival.
Bringing any musical back can be a risky business, as producers of such recent misses as "Bye, Bye Birdie," "Promises, Promises" and "Ragtime" can attest.
"It really falls on the shoulders of the creative team to answer the questions: Why this story, why now?" said Sarna Lapine, director of the current "South Pacific" tour. "You have to find out what it is about the story that can connect to an audience today. That applies just as much to Shakespeare or Chekhov, not just musicals. You always have to be asking those questions."
There have been several admirable examples of those questions being asked and answered in the right way on Broadway over the past decade or so, from the 1999 "Annie Get Your Gun" with Bernadette Peters to the current production of "Follies" that originated a few months ago at the Kennedy Center — also starring Peters.
In 2009, "Hair" made a surprising, resounding comeback. And last year, so did of "La Cage aux Folles." The national tour of that production reaches Baltimore next month. The "La Cage" revival, which originated in London and was directed by Terry Johnson, cut away the extravagant trappings of the 1983 original to expose more of the truths behind the glitter.
Getting to the truth was a prime motivation behind the return to "South Pacific."
Based on a Pulitzer Prize-winning book by James Michener, the musical is set on a tropic isle and centers on a romance between a Navy nurse and a French plantation owner who has fathered children with an islander. A parallel relationship between a Navy airman and a young native woman adds texture to the wartime plot. The complication in both love affairs is racism.
"South Pacific" arrived on Broadway only four years after V-J Day. As Ted Chapin, president and executive director of the Rodgers and Hammerstein Organization, has observed: "Of all the Rodgers and Hammerstein shows, it is the most connected to its time. How do you get an audience back to that post-World War II era?"
The team behind the revival, directed by Bartlett Sher, found a way.
"We respected the show's history, and we respected what it had to say," said Joe Langworth, casting director and associate choreographer for the 2008 production at the Lincoln Center Theater; he did the musical staging for the current tour.
"Our approach was to honor the book as much as the music, and to have all the elements work in a very symbiotic way," Langworth said.
Lapine, who assisted with the Lincoln Center staging, immersed herself into the world that U.S. servicemen encountered in the Pacific. In addition to her research in the Navy's archives and elsewhere, she talked to veterans of recent and current wars.
"It quickly became clear that this story was of the moment," Lapine said of "South Pacific" "We were getting the show ready for Broadway just as America was going through great changes, with an African-American presidential candidate running for office."
In one of the most memorable passages from the "South Pacific" score, the airman, Lt. Joe Cable, sings of how "you've got to be taught to hate and fear … It's got to be drummed in your dear little ear … You've got to be taught to be afraid of … people whose skin is a different shade."
In the end, "South Pacific" imparts the idea that it is possible to escape from such training and possible for people from various backgrounds to get along. The message wasn't universally embraced when the show premiered.
"We are not in an entirely different place today in that regard," Lapine said. "Now we have the Blue State/Red State divide and the same questions about whether we can come together."
A particularly striking element in this "South Pacific" revival has to do with the naval personnel, the ones who sing and dance about how "There's Nothin' Like a Dame."