Lost Renoir

This handout image provided by The Potomack Company auctioneers shows a painting said to be by French painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir. (Handout via Getty Images / September 10, 2012)

A painting by Pierre-Auguste Renoir that was recently rediscovered appears to have been stolen from the Baltimore Museum of Art in 1951.

As a result of the discovery, the FBI has begun an investigation, and an auction scheduled for Saturday morning in northern Virginia has been canceled.

"Paysage Bords de Seine," a 6x10 inch view of the Seine River dating from 1879, attracted worldwide interest a few weeks ago, in part because of the romantic story behind the artwork's discovery. According to the Washington-area auction house in charge of selling the canvas, the painting had been purchased from a flea market in West Virginia as part of a $7 box of items that included a plastic cow and a Paul Bunyan doll.

Museum director Doreen Bolger said this month that Renoir's painting had never been exhibited in the institution's galleries — but has since discovered that the truth was quite different.

"When I found out that the painting had been stolen from our museum, I took a very loud, gasplike breath," Bolger said Thursday.

"We didn't know that the painting had ever been here. We didn't know that it was stolen at the exact time that [former owner] Saidie May's estate was being probated. We didn't know that there was a theft at the museum in 1951. And, we don't know if anything else was taken."

FBI spokeswoman Jacqueline Maguire confirmed that the agency was investigating the landscape's disappearance from the Baltimore museum but added that it's "impossible to predict" whether ownership would be established in a matter of months or years. For the time being, at least, "Paysage Bords de Seine" will remain at the Alexandria, Va.-based Potomack Co.

After the news of the painting's discovery broke this month, the Washington-area auction house received inquiries from potential buyers in China, Japan and Europe. Several made plans to fly halfway around the world for the auction.

But, though Potomack Co. owner Elizabeth Wainstein was "deeply disappointed" to learn that the painting might have been stolen 61 years ago, she's relieved that the discovery was made before the gavel went down and money changed hands.

"The Potomack Gallery does not deal in stolen art," Wainstein said. "We definitely want the truth to come to light. It's the right thing to do."

She noted that before putting the oil painting up for sale, the auction house staff "did our due diligence" and checked the painting against the London-based Art Loss Register — a service that tracks stolen works. The Register contained no indication that the Renoir had ever been reported missing.

She is even able to find an orange lining to this particular cloud — the hue of the small index card in a Baltimore Museum of Art file cabinet that confirms that it had exhibited a work by Renoir named "Paysage Bords de Seine."

"There can no longer be any question," Wainstein said, "about this painting's authenticity."

She added that it wasn't easy for her to break the news to the Baltimore-born woman who told of buying the painting at the flea market — a woman who, because she wishes to remain anonymous, is known only as "Renoir girl."

"The consignor of course was enormously disappointed and had the air let out of her balloon," Wainstein said. "But she agreed immediately that the painting had to be withdrawn from auction."

Renoir Girl couldn't be contacted immediately for comment. But, on Sept. 10, she told The Sun that even a relatively modest windfall would have come in handy. (The Potomack Co. initially estimated that the diminutive landscape would fetch between $75,000 and $100,000 at auction.)

The flea market patron said that she had just recently begun to regain the financial stability that was sacrificed during two years of joblessness.

"I've got my feet back on the ground now," she said, "But a few years ago, I lost my job. I was down there standing in line for food stamps and to collect unemployment."

But the woman also said that she'd never seriously considered keeping the artwork in the hope that it would appreciate in value.