Abstract scores combine graphics, music
Baltimore's Will Redman creates strikingly visual compositions that are open to interpretation
Will Redman is a composer who has developed a distinctive style of notation. His scores look like works of abstract art. (Gabe Dinsmoor, Baltimore Sun / August 9, 2011)
Although there are four distinct lines of music on the elongated page, indicating at least four players, there's no specification of instruments.
So how do you perform such a piece? Ask Redman and he'll just say: "That's up to you."
There are no clefs, so playing treble or bass notes is also up to you. Except there aren't too many recognizable notes.
The top part of the page, for example, starts with a few inches of a curvy line, like a stock market graph on a volatile trading day; bursts of dots and perpendicular or parallel lines pop up part-way through. Other surprises await anywhere you look on the long page, including drawings of rectangles and squares, intersected with other lines and shapes.
And "Scroll" is just one example of Redman's intricate graphic scores. Some of his pieces are filled with graceful circular lines that weave in and out of snippets of traditional notation, which appear, like islands, on the page. Some contain hardly any markings, maybe just a few straight lines or a scattering of doodles.
Even in a piece that begins with something conventional-looking, exotic graphic formations are apt to follow. On some scores, chords have so many notes piled on that the result is closer to an ink blot.
Redman's music has been gradually attracting attention. One of his most vibrant-looking works was chosen for the cover of "Notations 21," a 2009 compilation of graphic scores, a sequel to a similar book 40 years earlier by iconic maverick composer John Cage. Last month, NewMusicBox, the American Music Center's award-winning e-zine, carried a feature on Redman.
And last season, Mobtown Modern, Baltimore's edgiest new music ensemble, presented a performance at the Windup Space of Redman's "Book," a collection of 98 visually arresting scores that are as fascinating to look at as they are challenging to interpret.
"Book" was Redman's doctoral dissertation at the State University of New York at Buffalo — "a place where they never say, 'You can't do that,'" the composer said.
"I was always fascinated with the way music looks, whether it's a Beethoven symphony or [an Iannis] Xenakis score," Redman, 35, said. "I was always very serious about visual composition. When I realized other composers did so-called graphic scores, I thought, 'Oh, cool; I can do even crazier stuff.'"
The pages in "Book" aren't numbered ("Shuffled is how it is supposed to go," the composer said). And there is "no linear evolution" from piece to piece; each stands alone. But there is some shared DNA, so to speak; the composer, using tracing paper, transferred the outline of certain melodic contours from score to score.
"It was an arts and crafts project — lots of white-out, glue sticks and pigment pens," Redman said. "And a lot of cut-and-paste with a Xerox machine. I would sometimes drop things on the page, and the notes might land upside down." Upside down they would stay.
Some of the most visually striking scores reflect the cutting and pasting in a big way, with triangular white spaces jutting into the music.
"In the digital age, Will is still analog," said Mobtown Modern curator and co-founder Brian Sacawa. "A lot of composers use software to get the graphics. Will's music is completely hand-done. It takes an immense amount of time to draw that on paper. That adds a lot of character to his scores. They are beautiful works of art."
Part of the beauty is the liberating element of these scores.
"One instructor told me I was being 'oppressive' because I didn't give specific instructions, withholding information that the musicians need," Redman said. "Musicians do have tons of questions, which I try very hard not to answer. I may give some suggestions, but I encourage everyone to ignore me and come up with their own answers."
That's one of the things Sacawa admires most about Redman.
"There is no ego in what Will does," Sacawa said. "Nowadays, a lot of people get caught up with trying to promote themselves. That can get in the way of the quality, the craft, the journey to explore. Will is all about the exploration."