On the night of Nov. 9, 1938, a well-orchestrated anti-Jewish pogrom erupted throughout Germany and Austria. Synagogues, businesses and homes were attacked, lives were lost. The vicious destruction continued into a second night.
The amount of broken glass afterward led to an infamous name for the incident — Kristallnacht. Through the shards could be detected the seeds of the Holocaust.
This Saturday, 75 years after Kristallnacht began, an opera about the legacy of the Nazi era will be performed in concert form at the Music Center at Strathmore.
"Lost Childhood" has a libretto by Baltimore poet Mary Azrael and music by New Jersey native Janice Hamer. The opera focuses on a Jewish psychiatrist who eluded death as a boy in Poland during the war, and a German colleague born into a family with Nazi sympathies.
"It deals with post-Holocaust revenge, silence and denial, feelings that survivors on both sides, Jews and Germans, felt," Hamer said. "And it raises questions of forgiveness. It's a moral topic that is still relevant."
The opera has been a long time in the making. Azrael and Hamer started on it around 1996. Various workshops were held over the years to develop the piece, most prominently through the organization that commissioned it, American Opera Projects in New York, as well as at the International Vocal Arts Institute in Tel Aviv.
The Strathmore performance, which will feature a seasoned cast and the National Philharmonic conducted by Piotr Gajewski, marks the first time "Lost Childhood" will be heard with its full orchestration.
This will not be an all-out theatrical version — that will have to wait until an opera company decides to produce the work — but director Nick Olcott from the Maryland Opera Studio has devised a semi-staging for the singers.
Like another Holocaust-related opera, "Sophie's Choice" by the late Nicholas Maw, "Lost Childhood" moves back and forth between time periods as painful memories are stirred.
In this case, the settings are Poland during the war years and New York in the early '90s. Judah, known as Julek when as a youth, begins to reveal more and more of his childhood experiences to a fellow psychiatrist named Manfred. In the process, Manfred confronts issues of his own.
Although the names and some incidents are fictionalized, there is an art-imitating-life component to all of this.
The back story starts with Hamer and Azrael.
"I met Jan when she was a teenager," said Azrael, 69, who grew up, and still lives, in Mount Washington and has taught writing at the Johns Hopkins University and other area schools. "I married her cousin, and our friendship has outlived that marriage by 8 years."
The two first collaborated on a musical work — a choral piece with a text based on a Yiddish legend — that was premiered in 1995.
"We were giddy after that and started talking about doing something else," said Hamer, 66, who lives in Philadelphia and teaches at Swarthmore College. "Mary had been reading Holocaust memoirs and suggested doing something on Anne Frank, but to me that felt claustrophobic."
Then things began to take shape in unexpected ways. "I felt we were nudged into this by many coincidences," Hamer said.
She happened to hear a radio interview with Gottfried Wagner, great-grandson of composer Richard Wagner, a notorious anti-Semite whose transcendent music became, long after his death, deeply associated with the Third Reich.
Gottfried Wagner, a writer, director and musicologist, was ostracized by his relatives in the early 1990s after publicly airing the close ties many of Wagner's descendants had to the Nazi regime.
"I heard Gottfried talking about how he spent his life having to answer awkward questions about his family and how he had dedicated his life to a kind of atonement," said Hamer, who called the radio station to get Wagner's address and successfully reached him to express her admiration.
Eventually, the two met at a Princeton University conference on the Holocaust, where they also met Yehuda Nir, a New York-based psychiatrist and author of "The Lost Childhood." That 1989 book chronicled the extraordinary saga of how, in 1941, after his father was killed by the Nazis, Nir and his mother and sister survived the war after assuming the identities of Catholic Poles.