Osteoporosis is a disorder of the bone characterized by low bone density and low quality that leads to increase risk of fractures.
Carl Gibson, an endocrinologist with Riverside's Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Center, has this advice.
Osteoporosis has no symptoms unless pain is associated with a fracture. Prevention of osteoporosis is preferable to treatment.
Prevention includes avoiding factors known to cause a low bone mineral density such as smoking and excessive alcohol.
Lifestyle measures to promote bone heath include:
adequate calcium and vitamin D intake;
and regular weight-bearing exercise.
The recommended daily intake of calcium depends on an individual’s age and gender. In general an adult should take in at least 1,000 mg of calcium daily, and a postmenopausal woman should take in 1,200 mg of calcium daily, preferably from the diet with supplementation only as needed.
The minimum intake of vitamin D is 400-800 international units daily. Weight-bearing exercises such as brisk walking, jogging, weight-lifting, and racquet sports should be performed for 30-60 minutes at least 3 times per week.
This information was provided by Carl A. Gibson, MD, Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Center; (757) 534-5909
For more health information, go to www.dailypress.com/health
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