Chlaymydia rates are higher in Hampton Roads than other regions of the state; it is also the most commonly reported infectious disease in the country. Young people are the most affected.
In 2010, approximately 1.3 million cases were reported, though the Centers for Disease Control estimates that the actual number of NEW infections is more than double that, or about 2.8 million as most cases are undiagnosed.
The CDC recently reported that only a few more than a third of sexually active women (ages 15 to 25) were screened for chlamydia in the previous year. The centers advocates annual screening as chlamydia often has no noticeable symptoms and if left untreated can lead to infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy.
The CDC further recommends that anyone diagnosed with chlamydia be retested 3 months after initial treatment to ensure that those who may have become reinfected can be promptly treated with antibiotics. (Its numbers show really low retest rates, particularly in relation to the numbers reinfected.)