After moving to an apartment in the four-story Greenview Place building in Chicago's Lakeview neighborhood in February, Burton Nelson thought he had lost a link to the great outdoors. No longer could he walk out his door to his yard.
But Greenview Place's 2,000-square-foot rooftop terrace is a compromise, said Nelson, 83. In fact, it is the go-to place for residents of the age-restricted building. "We walk or we sit around and tell each other stories — at our age, they're lies," Nelson said. "And, we use it for our soirees."
The rooftop gives Greenview Place residents an outdoor haven and a link to the church/school next door, which also has a rooftop terrace. "The kids play basketball and we watch, mostly," Nelson said. "I made one shot, but I admit I was only 6 feet away."
Rooftop terraces have been around almost as long as there have been roofs. But in recent years they have taken on creative designs, with some mimicking grassy suburban backyards and others offering a spalike ambience with hot tubs and mood lighting.
Homebuilders are more often looking to the roof for additional space.
Rooftop terraces are a must for the residences that Renaissance Cos. builds in Chicago, said Nancy Kapp, chief executive of the company that developed Greenview Place. "In the city, this is your safe, secure outside space," she said.
Jeff Benach, co-principal of Lexington Homes in Chicago, put rooftop terraces on the builder's row homes at the Lexington Square 2 development in Chicago's Bridgeport neighborhood, and made them optional at the new Lexington Square 3, although they added to his costs.
"The flat roof costs more than a pitched roof because it requires a different kind of truss to support the weight. And, you need a water drainage system," Benach said.
On a high-rise, the builder's cost of another elevator stop is incidental by the time the cost is spread over all the units. As a result, rooftop terraces are sprouting on "boutique rentals" in Chicago's hip neighborhoods.
"If you don't use the rooftop, it's a missed opportunity," said architect David Hovey, who designed colorful rooftops on the new 42-story Optima Chicago Center I luxury rental building and its future neighbor, the 60-story Optima Chicago Center II, in Chicago's Streeterville neighborhood. Optima I's rooftop includes an area covered with grasses and ground cover, a hot tub and kivas (semicircle seating areas) with fire pits.
The Seneca on Chestnut, a new boutique apartment building across from the John Hancock Center and Water Tower Place, sports a rooftop terrace on the 17th floor. The former historic hotel was renovated by Chicago-based owner Waterton Residential.
Many of The Seneca's tenants are medical students, who use the 300-square-foot terrace to retreat from their studies. During the Chicago Air & Water Show, residents gather on the terrace for panoramic views of the annual event.
Owners of private properties can turn ordinary roofs into extraordinary terraces by incorporating their personal style.
For instance, marketing consultant Jill Maremont transformed the unadorned 1,000-square-foot terrace above the Chicago three-flat she bought in 2005 into a design statement.
Maremont varied the flooring (wood and slate) and added a pergola over a dining table. She used low, medium and high plants to hide a nondescript wooden wall and plain view. To highlight the best view, Maremont used wrought-iron railing as a focal point.
Maremont's rooftop is an extension of indoor comfort. Most evenings, she uses the space to unwind with her Doberman pinscher. On weekends, her father-in-law drops by to read the Sunday paper on the terrace.
For homeowners who lack the design gene, contractors such as Chicago-based JW Landscapes LLC design rooftops and oversee installation and maintenance.
Beware of contractors who do not obtain permits, warns John West, owner of JW Landscapes.
"With rooftops, especially, you have to play by the book," he said. "The building codes are there to keep you safe."
Most codes say rooftop walls must be at least 42 inches high, for example, and omit horizontal rails that encourage climbing.
West begins each project by making sure the roof can support the weight of the design components. Then he determines the client's budget and how the client intends to use the space.
For flooring, West prefers modular decking that fits on a fixed frame, which houses the plumbing and electrical infrastructure.
"I like ipe because it lasts 100 years," he said. "But composite and synthetic products give you a wood look for less money."
West likes to mix wood with stone or reconstituted concrete tiles that radiate the heat back to avoid a "heat island effect."
For walls, West prefers masonry or railings over glass, which requires frequent cleaning. A "green screen" of plants on the perimeter deters people from the edge and positions water-draining plants near the edge.
For amenities, West includes everything from showers to full kitchens. He uses energy-efficient LED lighting to up-light, down-light and accent design features.
Outdoor furniture for rooftop terraces should be sturdy, durable and weigh enough to stay put.
"I know one (Chicagoan) whose aluminum furniture blew off the roof and damaged 26 cars," West said.
Fortunately, the supply has recently caught up with the demand for practical and fanciful outdoor furniture, so homeowners have plenty of choices.
Indeed, a rooftop terrace boosts a home's curb appeal. Noting this amenity in a realty listing beckons buyers to consider the possibilities for entertaining or simply enjoying the sweeping views.
"Right smack dab in the middle of town," sang James Taylor in "Up on the Roof," the rooftop is a "paradise that's trouble-proof."Copyright © 2014, The Baltimore Sun