32: Franklin D. Roosevelt

Jan. 30, 1882-April 12, 1945 State: New York Religion: Episcopal Marriage: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt Military service: None Party: Democrat Term: March 4, 1933-April 12, 1945 Vice President: John Nance Garner, 1933-1941; Henry Agard Wallace, 1941-1945; Harry S. Truman, January-April 1945 Highlights of presidency: Roosevelt took office while 13 million people were unemployed and almost every bank was closed. His "New Deal" started sweeping economic programs, including an enormous work relief program for the unemployed. He took the U.S. off the gold standard and allowed for budget deficits. He created the Social Security system in 1935. When the U.S. entered World War II in 1941, he directed the nation's resources in that global war; he died two weeks before Germany surrendered. Did you know? Roosevelt was the first president whose mother was eligible to vote for him. He is the only president to be elected four times. He never appeared in public in his wheelchair. He was the first president to appear on television and the first to have a presidential aircraft. He survived an assassination attempt in 1933 that killed Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak. As a boy, he visited President Grover Cleveland, who told him never to become president. Roosevelt also served as New York state senator, 1911-13; assistant secretary of the Navy, 1913-20; and New York governor, 1928-32.
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