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The Baltimore Sun

30 Calvin Coolidge

July 4, 1872 - Jan. 5, 1933 State: Massachusetts Religion: Congregational Marriage: Grace Anna Goodhue Military service: None Party: Republican Term: Aug. 3, 1923 - March 3, 1929 Vice president: Vacant 1923-1925; Charles Gates Dawes 1925-1929 Highlights of presidency: The Immigration Act of 1924 placed limits on the immigration of certain Europeans such as Italians and Jews, favored the immigration of northern Europeans, and completely excluded the Japanese and other Asians. Tax-reduction legislation in 1924 and 1926 created investment opportunities before the stock market crash in 1929. The growing civil aviation industry was placed under the regulation of the Commerce Department. Farm Relief bills in 1927 and 1928 were vetoed by Coolidge as attempts by the Congress to fix prices. Did you know? John was Coolidge’s first name at birth. He was the only president born on the 4th of July. He grew up using sign language because his parents did not want to be overheard. Coolidge refused to use the telephone while in office. He had chronic stomach pain and required 10 to 11 hours of sleep and an afternoon nap. He had an electric horse in the White House that he rode almost every day. At various times, Coolidge had donkeys, horses, a lion cub and a wallaby on the White House lawn. He also served as a member of the Massachusetts General Court, 1907-1908; mayor of Northampton, Mass., 1910-1911; Massachusetts state senator, 1912-1915 and Senate president, 1914-1915; lieutenant governor of Massachusetts, 1916-1918; governor, 1919-1920; and vice president, 1921-1923.