28. Woodrow Wilson

Dec. 28, 1856 - Feb. 3, 1924 State: New Jersey Religion: Presbyterian Marriages: Ellen Louise Axson, Edith Bolling Galt Military service: None Party: Democrat Term: March 4, 1913 - March 3, 1921 Vice president: Thomas Riley Marshall Highlights of presidency: Wilson had urged the U.S. to remain neutral during Europe’s World War I, but Germany’s submarine attacks on commercial shipping brought the U.S. into the war. U.S. troops under Gen. John Pershing in Europe were instrumental in ending the war, with the parties signing the Armistice on Nov. 11, 1918. The Treaty of Versailles, setting forth terms for ending the war and establishing the Covenant of the League of Nations, was signed in 1919. Under Wilson, the Federal Reserve system and Federal Trade Commission were created, women received the right to vote, and child labor laws were enacted by Congress but later declared unconstitutional. Did you know? Thomas was Wilson’s first name at birth; he dropped it in favor of his middle name after graduating from Princeton University. In 1895, a retinal hemorrhage left him blind in his right eye. Wilson is the only presidential candidate to defeat two former presidents in a single election: Roosevelt and Taft in 1912. Wilson served as president of Princeton, 1902-1910, and governor of New Jersey, 1911-1913. He was the first president to receive a doctorate, cross the Atlantic Ocean while in office and visit a pope (Benedict XV) in Rome. Wilson established the practice of holding news conferences. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1920. He is the only president buried in Washington, D.C., at the Washington National Cathedral.
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