Oct. 5, 1829 - Nov. 18, 1886 State: New York Religion: Episcopal Marriage: Ellen "Nell" Lewis Herndon Military service: He served in the Civil War in the New York militia rising to inspector general and quartermaster general. Party: Republican Term: Sept. 20, 1881 - March 4, 1885 Vice president: Vacant Highlights of presidency: Arthur assumed the presidency upon the assassination of President Garfield, but was not re-elected because of criticism of his government reform programs. He signed the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, suspending the Immigration of Chinese laborers for 10 years. (The act was extended another 10 years, made permanent in 1902, and repealed in 1943.) Did you know? As a lawyer, Arthur won a case guaranteeing blacks the right to ride New York streetcars. He was collector of the port of New York, 1871-1878, and U.S. vice president, March-September 1881. He sold 26 wagons full of White House furniture for about $8,000, not knowing it was priceless.