Nov. 19, 1831 - Sept. 19, 1881 State: Ohio Religion: Disciples of Christ Marriage: Lucretia "Crete" Rudolph Military service: He served with Ohio's 42nd Regiment during the Civil War, rising from lieutenant colonel to major general and from colonel of the 18th Brigade to brigadier general. He saw action at Shiloh and was wounded at Chickamauga. Party: Republican Term: March 4, 1881 - Sept. 19, 1881 Vice president: Chester A. Arthur, 1881 Highlights of presidency: Garfield was preoccupied with patronage and succeeded in thwarting U.S. Senate confirmation of a person appointed by the New York mayor to a federal port position. He investigated mail route contracts that were being awarded fraudulently, leading to civil service reforms being adopted after his presidency. Did you know? Garfield was the last of seven presidents born in a log cabin. He learned to read at age 3 and could write Greek with one hand while writing Latin with the other. Garfield spoke fluent German. He served as an Ohio state senator, 1859-1861, and U.S. House member, 1863-1880. A mentally disturbed political supporter, Charles J. Guiteau, shot Garfield at Washington railroad station on July 2, 1881, after being denied an appointment as ambassador to France. Garfield died in September after undergoing three surgeries and succumbing to infection. Guiteau was tried and hanged in 1882.