Trawler-Fest at the Harborview Marina

These trawler-style pleasure boats are being manufactured and sold worldwide for hundreds of thousands of dollars to millions of dollars. Some call them civilized tugboats, others just live the "Trawler lifestyle." (Gene Sweeney Jr., Baltimore Sun Staff / September 28, 2012)

The maritime economy hasn't been shipshape in the city that calls itself "America's Sailing Capital."

The doldrums that becalmed the national powerboat and sailboat industry four years ago did not spare Annapolis — or the two boat shows that have tied up in the harbor every October since the 1970s.

But this year feels different, local boating experts say. Consumer confidence is returning, and more boaters want to buy a new vessel or trade up to a bigger one.

"The challenges have been severe," said Paul Jacobs, general manager of the U.S. Sailboat Show and U.S. Powerboat Show. "We've been just talking the talk for the last few years, but we're ready to walk the walk. The industry is coming back. People are responding."

Gary Reich, editor of Annapolis-based Prop Talk magazine, agreed — up to a point.

"It's so much better than it was two years ago. There are many signs that things are getting better, but I don't think we're there yet," he said. "There's a lot of optimism, but it's cautious optimism."

There's reason to be cautious: While the national industry enjoyed an increase last year in sales of powerboats and accessories — the first since 2006 — Maryland experienced a double-digit drop, according to the Chicago-based National Marine Manufacturers Association.

Maryland was one of just six states to see a decline in retail powerboat and accessory sales in 2011, according to the association. Total expenditures fell 11.6 percent, to $162 million from $183 million in 2010. About 4,600 fewer boats were registered in the state in 2011 than in 2010, the eighth consecutive annual decline.

Some blame Maryland's excise tax on boats, which is higher than surrounding states. Others say the drop could reflect poor environmental conditions in the Chesapeake Bay or the decline in recent years of fishing license sales.

Maritime business people hope the two Annapolis boat shows, coupled with this weekend's Trawler Fest in Baltimore's Inner Harbor, get things moving again. Sailboat aficionados will fill City Dock from Oct. 4 to 8, while the powerboat crowd will take over from Oct. 11 to 14.

The two events, billed as the oldest and largest in-water boat shows in the country, will begin taking shape Monday. Workers will install a mini-city consisting of 1.5 miles of floating docks, 250 tents, six miles of electrical wiring and 15 miles of hoses.

"We're like high-tech carnival workers," Jacobs said.

Annapolis officials estimate the boat shows will attract as many as 100,000 visitors, with an economic impact of well over $50 million. That's music to the ears of the city's $155 million-a-year maritime industry, which does everything from designing and building pleasure boats and elite racing craft to repairing and housing them.

The bad economy forced boating businesses to diversify and offer other marine-based services, local business operators said.

"The [companies] that survived were the ones that concentrated on giving good service," said Geoff McCord, general manager of Annapolis-based Bavaria Yachts USA.

The industry also did a lot of soul-searching.

"There's been a lot of shakeup. Companies were buying each other out and boat molds were changing hands," Jacobs said. "Now they're saying, 'Let's get back and build some boats.'"

Last year, U.S. retail sales for recreational boats, accessories and marine services rose 6 percent to $32.3 billion, according to the manufacturers association. New boat sales increased 0.8 percent to 214,405 vessels, and a survey indicated that participation was up.

"That was our first glimmer of a rebound," said Ellen Hopkins, the association's spokeswoman.